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VIET NAM SIGHTSEEINGS

 

 

 

NORTH VIETNAM

HANOI

 

Hoan Kiem Lake and Ngoc Son Temple

is located in the center of Hanoi Hoan Kiem Lake also called Lake of the Restored Sword. The name Lake of the Restored Sword is derived from a legend . Hoan Kiem Lake was already considered the most beautiful lake in Hanoi when Ngoc Son Temple was built on an island in the 19th century. Ngoc Son Temple is reached via the wooden The Huc (Where rays of morning sunshine touch) Bridge. To the left of the gate stands an obelisk whose top is shaped like a paintbrush and is an interesting temple and worth the odd photo . Initially, the temple was called Ngoc Son Pagoda and was later renamed Ngoc Son Temple, since temples are dedicated to saints

 

Temple of Literature  & Pavilion of the Constellation of Literature

The Temple of Literature (Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam) is a famous historical and cultural relic consisting of the Temple of Literature and Vietnam’s first university. The Temple of Literature was built in 1070 in honour of Confucius, his followers and Chu Van An, a moral figure in Vietnamese education.  The Pavilion of the Constellation of Literature (Khue Van Cac) is in Temple of Literature, was built under the Nguyen Dynasty (1802-1945) . Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam (National College) now preserves 82 steles engraved with the names of 1,306 doctors who obtained the doctoral titles at 82 royal examinations, held from 1442 to 1779.

 

West Lake & Tran Quoc Pagoda

West Lake is an attractive spot at the West of the City. West Lake has an area of 500ha and is the largest lake in Hanoi. Tran Quoc Pagoda is located on an islet of West Lake in Hanoi Tran Quoc Pagoda is one of the oldest pagodas in Vietnam and a cultural symbol of Vietnamese Buddhism

 

One Pillar Pagoda

One Pillar Pagoda (Chua Mot Cot) is on Chua Mot Cot Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi m this pagoda  is a cultural and historic relic, unique for its architectural features , The pagoda was first built in 1049 under the Ly Dynasty, on the west side of the ancient Thang Long Capital. Its original name was Dien Huu, expressing the wish for longevity for the second King Ly. The pagoda is built in the shape of a lotus blooming on its stem , after the description of a dream of King Ly Thai Tong who reigned between 1028 and 1054, in which Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara, the Goddess of Mercy, led him to a lotus flower

 

Vietnam Museum of Ethnology

Vietnam Museum of Ethnology is dedicated to scientific research and the enhancement of the cultural and historical heritage of the 54 ethnic groups of Vietnam. It has a collection of close to 25,00 objects from the people of Vietnam, as well as photographic and audio-visual resources

 

Quan Thanh Temple

Quan Thanh Temple is situated in Quan Thanh Ward, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi. is one of the Four Guards of Old Thang Long. Quan Thanh Temple is an important historical and cultural relic, on a large and beautiful area by West Lake near the northern gate of old Thang Long Capital

 

Hanoi Cathedral

is at 40 Nha Chung Street, Hoan Kiem District,  Hanoi Cathedral was built on the site of the former Bao Thien Tower, which was famous in the ancient capital of Thang Long under the Ly Dynasty (the 11th and 12th centuries)

 

 

QUANG NINH

Halong Bay

 

is one of Vietnam's most beautiful areas, Halong Bay has fascinating limestone formations, coves for night-time excursions, sheer cliffs, grottoes, arches and scores of small islets … This site is certificated by UNESCO as a World’s Natural Heritage ….. more details

 

 

Yen Tu

Yen Tu is made up of a system of pagodas, shrines, towers and forests belonging to Thuong Yen Cong Commune, Uong Bi Town, Quang Ninh Province. Situated within the immense arched mountain range of north - eastern Vietnam, the beauty of Yen Tu consists in the majesty of its mountains mingling with the ancient and solemn quietness of its pagodas, shrines and towers. Under the Ly Dynasty, Yen Tu held the Phu Van Pagoda with Yen Ky Sinh as its warden. But Yen Tu only really became a Buddhism Centre when Emperor Tran Nhan Tong surrendered his throne to establish a Buddhist sect called Thien Truc Lam and became the first progenitor with the religious name Dieu Ngu Giac Hoang Tran Nhan Tong (1258-1308). Passing through to the Le and Nguyen Dynasties, Yen Tu was still the focal point of Vietnamese Buddhism

 

 

HAI PHONG

 

Du Hang Pagoda

Du Hang Pagoda is located at 121 Du Hang Street, Du Hang Kenh Ward, Le Chan District, Haiphong City  , is one of the most ancient pagodas in this city and is one you need to take your camera for. It was built three centuries ago by Nguyen Dinh Sach, an officer of the imperial guard who resigned and became a Buddhist monk  , and the decoration on the pagoda is exquisite as well as houses many ancient furnishings

 

Cat Ba Island

Cat Ba archipelago (100km²) out of the 366 islands on the Lan Ha Bay  , Cat Ba island  is the largest in the Cat Ba archipelago , situated in Cat Hai District, Haiphong City. This is one of the major beach destinations in Vietnam and has beautiful beaches and pristine waters. The mountains are riddled with caves and grottos. The mountain adjacent to Cat Co Beach has a tunnel and fascinating caves and grottoes, such as Hang Luon, Khe Sau, Trung Trang, Gia Luan and Kim Cuong. Visiting these caves and grottoes you will get the feeling of the explorers, discovering the wonders and mysteries endowed by nature

 

 

Bac kan

 

Ba Be Lake

Lie in the middle of a vast limestone mountain range of Ba Be District, Bac Kan Province 240km from the north-west of Hanoi. Being dubbed a "precious jade of Vietnam" and one of 500 lakes recognised as worthy of attention. Ba Be Lakes, located 145m above sea level, are among the largest natural lakes in Vietnam with a total surface area of 500ha. The surface of the lake was tranquil.

Ba Be Lakes area has a lot to offer, including waterfalls, rivers, valleys, lakes, and caves all set amidst picturesque landscapes. Ba Be Lakes are surrounded by many ancient trees, from which several varieties of precious wood are obtained. Up to 30 animal species such as wild pigs, bears, panthers, monkeys, and birds inhabit the area

 

 

Bac Ninh

 

But Thap Pagoda

Situated on the dike of the Duong River, Dinh To Commune, Thuan Thanh District, Bac Ninh Province.The pagoda was built in 17th century, according to "Noi Cong Ngoai Quoc" architectural style and includes 10 buildings spread over 100m, from the three-entrance gate to the bell-tower and back house. Two towers, 10m high Ton Duc and 13m high Bao Nghiem, are made of white rock, making the pagoda seem higher, more majestic and peaceful. Some remains of the 17th century are kept here such as statues, valuable donations, Nine-Story Lotus Tower, Tuyet Son Statue, Bao Nghiem Tower, and Statue of Kwan Yin with 1,000 arms and 1,000 eyes

 

 

Cao Bang

 

Ban Gioc Fall

Ban Gioc Fall is situated In Trung Khanh District, Cao Bang Province, nears the Sino-Vietnamese border. Ban Gioc Fall is famous for a famous fish named “tram huong”.  Water from Quy Xuan River falling down on the stone creates water droplets columns that can be seen from a distance. The echo of the falls can be heard kilometers away from Trung Khanh.

At the foot of the waterfall is a large river, as calm as glass, surrounded by many precious kinds of flowers. In the early 1920s, French people started building cottages on the river banks. They would come here to relax and fish for “tram huong”.

 

 

HA TAY

 

The Vietnamese Ancient Pagodas

Tay Phuong Pagoda Tay Phuong Pagoda is located on Tay Phuong mountain in Yen Village, Thach That District, Ha Tay Province. It is 37km from Hanoi, along the Hanoi - Son Tay route, Tay Phuong Pagoda was built during the 6th and 7th centuries, and is also an exposition gallery for many national engraving and sculpture masterpieces. Tay Phuong pagoda is mostly famous for the statues it contains, magnificent wooden sculptures representing Buddhas as well as Vajrapanis (Kim Cuong) and Arhats (La Han) who are middle-ranking Buddhist deities. One in particular portrays Sakyamuni in meditation at the foot of Tuyet Son (Snow Mountain). He was then leading a life of extremely severe ascetism, and his emaciated body, as represented by the statue, shows good knowledge by the artist of human anatomy. The figures of the arhats each bear distinctive features which depict meditation in original aspects. All are impressive works of art

 

Thay Pagoda Situated at the foot of Sai Son Mountain, in Quoc Oai District. The pagoda was built in the 11th century during the reign of Ly Nhan Tong King. At first, it was a small pagoda managed by Priest Tu Dao Hanh. The pagoda was initially built according to Sino-Vietnamese character Tam - this character is formed by 3 hyphens parallel to each other , In front of the pagoda is Long Tri pond, in the middle of which is a stage called Thuy Dinh, where water puppet performances are held. So , Priest Tu Dao Hanh is knew also as the Creator of Vietnamese water-puppetry

 

Tram Gian Pagoda Situated in Tien Lu Village, Hoai Duc District. This Pagoda is built in the "noi cong ngoai quoc" architectural style which means Cong Chinese character in the inner part and the Quoc Chinese character in the outer

The pagoda was probably originally built in 1185 during the reign of King Ly Cao Tong on its present site at the top of the low Tien Lu, or Ma Hill. It nestles snugly on that hill in a natural cushion of mature trac, or kingwood and tram, or canari trees, and watched over by giant pines. It’s impressive construction and history immerse the visitor immediately: its multi-pillared temples, ornate altars, leisure areas, where mandarins would play chess with live human pieces

 

Huong Son Pagoda In My Duc District, 70km from Hanoi. It was considered as "the most beautiful grotto in Vietnam" , Huong Son Area covers an area of a thousand hectares and includes a complex of mountains, rivers and streams, villages, pagodas, and grottoes surrounded by the Huong Tich Mountain Range, north of the Truong Son Range. This area is divided into three lines :

 Huong Tich Line: It consists of Yen Stream, Trinh Temple, Hoi Bridge, Thanh Son and Huong Dai Pagoda, Thien Tru, Hinh Bong, Tien Pagoda, Giai Oan Pagoda, Cua Vong Temple, Huong Tich Grotto .

Long Van Line: It consists of Long Van Pagoda and Grotto, Fairy Grotto, Nguoi Xua Grotto, Cay Khe Pagoda, Hinh Bong Pagoda

Tuyet Pagoda Line: It consists of Phu Yen Temple, Tuyet Son Pagoda, Ca Pagoda, Bao Dai Co Sat, Mau Pagoda, Thuong Pagoda, Ngoc Long Pagoda

 

 

LAI CHAU

 

Historical Sites of Dien Bien Phu

Located in and around the 20km-long-valley of Dien Bien Phu. After the victorious battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954, almost all historical sites of this battle lying to the east of the Muong Thanh Field have been preserved intact.

Museum of Dien Bien Phu Victory lies opposite the cemetery of Vietnamese martyrs in Hill A1, the center of Dien Bien Phu City. The Command bunker of De Castries lies at the heart of the entrenched camp of Dien Bien Phu in the middle of the Muong Thanh Field.

 

 

HOA BINH

 

Mai Chau valley

Mai Chau is located in Hoa Binh Province, approximately 135km from Hanoi and 60km from Hoa Binh Town. From the top of Cun Mountain, one can admire the superb panorama of Mai Chau surrounded by a green valley and stilt houses. Many minorities, including the Thai ethnic group, live in Mai Chau.

The Sunday market brings a lot of people into town. People from different minorities living in the mountains come to Mai Chau market to sell their specific products: honey, bananas, corn, and tho cam made by skilled Thai women. The Sunday market is also an occasion to enjoy traditional Thai dishes and to participate in traditional dances

 

 

HA GIANG

 

Dong Van high-land

Dong Van Highland is situated 1,025 m above sea level and is inhabited by the Tay and H’Mong ethnic groups. The temperature is approximately 1oC in winter and reaches 24oC on the hottest days. Dong Van has a lot to offer: mountains, forests, hidden grottoes and caves, multicoloured orchid forests, plum and peach trees, persimmon orchards, and more. Visiting Dong Van, you can see Pho Bang, also called Pho Bang Street, which was built a long time ago and features multi-storey houses made of clay bricks and tile roofs.  On Sundays, one can shop in a very original mountain market where all kinds of goods and multicoloured clothes can be purchased

 

 

LANG SON

 

Chi Lang Border

The Chi Lang Border is located in Chi Lang District, Lang Son Province, and 110km from Hanoi and 60km from the Sino-Vietnamese border. The defile consists of a valley surrounded by high mountains and through which runs the Thuong River . The mountains were opened in two locations to form two gates. The northern gate was named Quy Mon Quan, meaning "monster gate," after the Chinese invaders who entered Vietnam through this gate. The southern gate was called Ngo The, meaning "swearing gate." Vietnamese ancestors who swore to sacrifice their lives to protect their motherland and to prevent invaders from entering Vietnam via this defile built the gates

 

Tam Thanh Grottoes

Situated near the city of Lang Son in Lang Son province, Tam Thanh Grottoes include three grottoes: Nhat Thanh, Nhi Thanh, and Tam Thanh. The most famous is Tam Thanh Grotto, lying west of Ky Lua Street. Its door is approximately 8 m high, opening to a corridor with 30 stone steps carved into the mountain. There are dense groves hiding the grotto from the sun. Poet Ngo Thi Si (1726–1780) carved one of his texts on the grotto wall while he was a Mandarin guard in Lang Son. The poem praises the magnificent natural beauty of the area, more specifically the sound of the water stream falling on hundreds of rocks, almost like a graceful murmur. Vong Phu Mountain, meaning "waiting for a husband," is located nearby

 

 

LAO CAI

 

Hoang Yen Chao Castle

Hoang Yen Chao Castle is located in Na Hoi Tho Hamlet, Bac Ha District, Lao Cai Province; 300m from Bac Ha Market. It is a unique construction work, which harmonizes the Oriental and Western architectural styles.

The castle was built at the beginning of the 20th century (between 1914 and 1921). Its owner was Hoang Yen Chao of Tay origin. He was the father of Hoang A Tuong, a tribal mandarin under the domination of the French colonialists. The castle serves both as the residence of Hoang Yen Chao, then Hoang A Tuong and as a fortress. Its network of walls, bunkers, and battlements were reinforced by a mortar mixed with sugar molasses. In a distance, the white castle jutting out from the valley looks imposing and majestic

 

 

Sapa

Sapa is 38km from Lao Cai Town, Lao Cai Province.  Sapa is a beautiful and romantic resort town. At the height of 1,600m above sea level, the average temperature of the area is 15-18°C. It is cool in summer and cold in winter

 

Fansipan Mountain  

is located 9km south-west of Sapa Townlet in the Hoang Lien Mountain Range. Fansipan is branded "the Roof of Indochina" at the height of 3,143m; Fansipan is to be approved as one of the very few eco-tourist spots of Vietnam, with about 2,024 floral varieties and 327 faunal species

 

Cat Cat Village

Cat Cat Village is 2km from Sapa Townlet, Sapa District. This is an age-old village of H'Mong ethnic group remaining unique customs and practices that are lots in other villages

 

 

NINH BINH

 

Phat Diem Cathedral

Located 130km south of Hanoi and 28km southeast of Ninh Binh, Phat Diem Cathedral was built between 1875 and 1899 and consists of a network of ponds, lakes, churches, and artificial caves  .

Phat Diem Cathedral was built in 1891 with four roofs and six sets of iron wooden pillars. On both sides of the church are four smaller churches of different styles. On the extreme north corner are three stone caves. The most beautiful of these caves is Lo Duc cave. Phuong Dinh Church, part of the Phat Diem complex, is a giant building entirely made of stone. Numerous stone sculptures are on the inside and outside walls. A large bell cast in the 1890s weighing nearly 2 tons is found in the bell tower  Phat Diem Cathedral is the center of Catholicism in north Vietnam and also a tourist site attracting foreign and domestic visitors

 

 

Bich Dong - Tam Coc

Bich Dong Pagoda is located in Ninh Hai Commune, Hoa Lu District, 11km from Ninh Binh Town, and can be reached by either  boat or car.
Bich Dong Pagoda, built on Ngu Nhac Mountain, is divided into three levels: Ha Pagoda (lower pagoda), Trung Pagoda (middle pagoda), and Thuong Pagoda (upper pagoda). On the mountain peak stands the statue of a scholar Mandarin looking at the horizon in hope of viewing the spectacular landscapes of Hoa Lu.

 

 

Cuc Phuong National Park

About 140km south-west of Hanoi, borders with Hoa Binh and Thanh Hoa Provinces. It was officially opened in 1960 as the first national park in Vietnam.

National Preserve of Cuc Phuong is one of the last tropical primeval forest reserves on Earth. There are plenty of plants and mammals living in the park. There are an estimated 2,000 different species of flora and the 450 species fauna account for 38% of the national fauna.

Cuc Phuong National Park has a multitude of caves, including Thang Khuyet Cave, Con Moong Cave, Pho Ma Cave, and Nguoi Xua Cave

 

 

 

 

Source : Vietnam Tourism info


 

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